The IBBI has clarified that to render services as Insolvency Professional (IP), one has to enroll with an Insolvency Professional Agency (IPA) as it’s Member and register with IBBI as an IP. Besides, IBBI has spelled out the three categories of persons who may be enrolled as IP, after passing the National Insolvency Exam (Limited Insolvency Exam in the case of Experienced professionals, like CA, CS, Lawyers, Cost Accountants, etc., as under:
Section 3 (19) of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (Code) defines ‘insolvency professional’ to mean a person enrolled under section 206 with an insolvency professional agency (IPA) as its member and registered with the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) as an insolvency professional (IP) under section 207. Section 206 prohibits a person from rendering services as IP under the Code unless he is:
(a) enrolled as a member of an IPA, and
(b) is registered with the IBBI. Section 207 requires a person first to obtain membership of an IPA and then register himself with the IBBI. It empowers the IBBI to specify the categories of professionals or persons possessing such qualifications to be eligible for registration as IPs.
In exercise of its powers under sections 196, 207 and 208 read with section 240 of the Code, the IBBI has made the IBBI (Insolvency Professionals) Regulations, 2016 (Regulations). The Regulations, inter alia, provide for registration, regulation and oversight of IPs. Under the Regulations, only three sets of persons are eligible for registration as IPs:
(a) chartered accountants, company secretaries, cost accountants, and advocates, who have been in practice for 15 years, were eligible to seek registration for limited period as IPs till 31st December, 2016;
(b) chartered accountants, company secretaries, cost accountants and advocates with 10 years’ of post-membership experience (practice or employment) and graduates with 15 years’ of post-qualification managerial experience are eligible for registration as IPs on passing the Limited Insolvency Examination; and
(c) any other person is eligible for registration as IP on passing the National Insolvency Examination. The Regulations provide for the code of conduct for IPs whereby IPs are required to inter alia adhere to timelines, maintain confidentiality, comply with the restrictions on employment and occupation and avoid conflict of interests.
Thus, the Code read with the Regulations allow only a person having the required qualification and experience to be enrolled as a member of an IPA and thereafter registered as an IP with the IBBI. Only such a person can act as IP and render services as an IP under the Code. No person other than persons registered as IPs with the IBBI can act as IP. Insolvency Professional Entities are neither enrolled as member of an IPA nor registered as IP with the IBBI. They cannot act as IPs under the Code.
This is issued to clarify the position under the Code as to who can render services as IPs.