Cabinet approves the Scheme of Merger/ Amalgamation of Lakshmi Vilas Bank (LVB) with DBS Bank India Limited. Also, Govt. notifies the Scheme, which shall be effective from 27th Nov. 2020, i.e. branches/ customers of the Lakshmi Vilas Bank Ltd. shall become branches/ customers of the DBS Bank India Ltd. from this date.
The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval to the Scheme of Amalgamation of Lakshmi Vilas Bank Limited (LVB) with DBS Bank India Limited (DBIL). On 17.11.2020, to protect depositors’ interest and in the interest of financial and banking stability, on RBI’s application under section 45 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949, LVB had been under moratorium for a period of 30 days. In parallel, RBI, in consultation with Government, superseded the Board of Directors of LVB and appointed an Administrator to protect the depositors’ interest.
After inviting suggestions and objections from the public and stakeholders, RBI prepared and provided a scheme for the bank’s amalgamation for the Government’s sanction, well in. advance of end of the period of moratorium so that restrictions on withdrawal faced by the depositors are minimised. With the approval of the scheme, LVB will be amalgamated with DBIL from the appointed date, and with this there will no further restrictions on the depositors regarding withdrawal of their deposits.
DBIL is a banking company licenced by RBI and operating in India through wholly owned subsidiary model, DBIL has a strong balance-sheet, with strong capital support and it has the advantage of a strong parentage of DBS, a leading financial services group in Asia, with presence in 18 markets and headquartered and listed in Singapore. The combined balance-sheet of DBIL would remain healthy even after amalgamation and its branches would increase to 600.
The speedy amalgamation and resolution of the stress in LVB is in line with Government’s commitment to a clean banking system while protecting the interests of depositors and the public as well as the financial system.
The Lakshmi Vilas Bank Ltd. branches to operate as DBS Bank India Ltd. branches from November 27, 2020
The Government of India has today sanctioned the Scheme for the amalgamation of the Lakshmi Vilas Bank Ltd. with DBS Bank India Ltd. The amalgamation will come into force on the Appointed date i.e. November 27, 2020. All the branches of the Lakshmi Vilas Bank Ltd. will function as branches of DBS Bank India Ltd. with effect from this date.
Customers, including depositors of the Lakshmi Vilas Bank Ltd. will be able to operate their accounts as customers of DBS Bank India Ltd. with effect from November 27, 2020. Consequently the moratorium on the Lakshmi Vilas Bank Ltd. will cease to be operative from that date. DBS Bank India Ltd. is making necessary arrangements to ensure that service, as usual, is provided to the customers of the Lakshmi Vilas Bank Ltd.
G.S.R. 731(E).— Whereas, the Lakshmi Vilas Bank Limited is a banking company registered under the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956) and carrying on the business of banking in India;
And whereas, the rapidly deteriorating financial position of the Lakshmi Vilas Bank Limited relating to liquidity, capital and other critical parameters and the absence of any credible plan for infusion of capital has necessitated Reserve Bank to take immediate action in public interest and particularly in the interest of the depositors and accordingly, the Lakshmi Vilas Bank Limited was placed under moratorium by an order of the Government of India in the Ministry of Finance, Department of Financial Services vide number S.O.4127(E), dated the 17th November, 2020 in exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (2) of section 45 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (10 of 1949);
And whereas, during the period of moratorium, the Reserve Bank, being satisfied that in the public interest and in the interest of the depositors so to do, in exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (4) of section 45 of the said Act, has prepared a Scheme for amalgamation of the Lakshmi Vilas Bank Limited with the DBS Bank India Limited;
And whereas, the Reserve Bank, after having sent the said Scheme in draft to the banks concerned in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (6) of the said section and after having considered the suggestions and objections received in regard to the said Scheme, had forwarded it to the Central Government for sanction.
NOW, therefore, in exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (7) of section 45 of the said Act, the Central Government hereby sanctions the following Scheme, subject to the terms and conditions hereafter mentioned, namely:–
1. Short title and commencement.–
(1) This Scheme may be called the Lakshmi Vilas Bank Limited (Amalgamation with DBS Bank India Limited) Scheme, 2020.
(2) It shall come into force on the 27th day of November, 2020.
2. Definitions –
(1) In this Scheme, unless the context otherwise requires,–
(a) “Act” means the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (10 of 1949);
(b) “appointed date” means the 27th day of November, 2020;
(c) “asset account” means a notional account opened under sub-paragraph (2) of paragraph 5 for the purposes of ascertaining the surplus or shortfall after adjustment from time to time of liabilities of the transferor bank;
(d) “transferor bank” means the Lakshmi Vilas Bank Limited, a banking company having its registered office at Karur, Tamil Nadu;
(e) “transferee bank” means the DBS Bank India Limited, a banking company incorporated in India under the Companies Act, 2013 ( 18 of 2013) and having its registered office at New Delhi.
(2) Words and expressions used herein and not defined but defined in the Act shall have the meaning respectively assigned to them in the Act.
3. Transfer of assets and liabilities and general effect thereof.–
(1) The undertaking of the transferor bank which is transferred to, and will vest in, the transferee bank on and from the appointed date shall be deemed to include all business, assets (including tangible and intangible), estates, rights, titles, interest, powers, claims, licenses, authorities, permits, approvals, permissions, incentives, loans, subsidies, concessions, grants, liberties, special status’ and other privileges and all property, movable and immovable, real and personal, tangible and intangible, goodwill, copyright, cash balances, capital, reserve funds, investments, transactions in derivatives, and all other rights and interests in, or arising out of, such property and all rights under the intellectual property etc., in possession or reservation, present or contingent of whatever nature and wheresoever situated (whether within or outside India), including lands, commercial or residential premises, fixtures, vehicles, cash balances, deposits, foreign currencies, disclosed and undisclosed reserves, reserve fund, special reserve fund, any other fund, stocks, investments, shares, dividends, bonds, debentures, security, management of any industrial concern, loans, advances and guarantees to any industrial concern, other tenancies, leases and book-debts and all other rights and interests arising out of such property of the transferor bank in relation to the undertaking as were immediately before the commencement of this Scheme, in the ownership, possession, power or control of the transferor bank within or outside India, and all books of accounts, registers, records and all other documents of whatever nature relating thereto and shall also be deemed to include all borrowings, liabilities, duties and obligations of whatever kind within or outside India then subsisting of the transferor bank whether secured or unsecured, along with any charge, encumbrance, lien or security thereon in relation to the undertaking.
(2) Unless otherwise expressly provided in this Scheme, all contracts, deeds, bonds, agreements, powers of attorney, grants of legal representation and other instruments of whatever nature subsisting or having effect immediately before the appointed date shall be effective to the extent and in the manner hereinafter provided against or in favour of the transferee bank and may be acted upon, as if, instead of the transferor bank, the transferee bank had been a party thereto or as if they had been issued in favour of the transferee bank thereto and it shall not be necessary to obtain the consent of any third party or other person who is a party to any of the aforesaid instruments or arrangements to give effect to the provisions of this sub-paragraph.
(3) If on the appointed date, any cause of action, suit, decrees, recovery certificates, appeals or other proceedings of whatever nature is pending by or against the transferor bank before any court or tribunal or any other authority (including for the avoidance of doubt, an arbitral tribunal), the same shall not abate, be discontinued or be in any way prejudicially affected, but shall, subject to the other provisions of this Scheme, be prosecuted and enforced by or against the transferee bank:
Provided that where a contravention of any of the provisions of any statute or of any rule, regulation, direction or order made thereunder has been committed by, or any proceeding for a criminal offence has been instituted against, a director or secretary, manager, officer or other employee of the transferor bank before the appointed date, such director, secretary, manager, officer or other employee shall, without prejudice to the application of section 6 of the General Clauses Act, 1897 (10 of 1897), be liable to be proceeded against under such law and punished accordingly, as if the transferor bank, being a banking company had not been dissolved.
(4) Any security interest created in favour of or for the benefit of the transferor bank whether such security interest be over immovable, movable, tangible or intangible property, and whether by way of mortgage, hypothecation, pledge, lien or any other form or mode of creation of security interest, and all guarantees, letters of comfort, letters of credit or similar instruments in favour of or for the benefit of the transferor bank, shall without any further act, deed, instrument or thing, be transferred to and vested in the transferee bank or be deemed to have been transferred to and vested in the transferee bank, and shall continue to be in full force and effect and may be enforced as fully and effectually as if instead of the transferor bank, the transferee bank had been the beneficiary or a party thereto, and the benefit shall be available to the transferee bank, as if the same were issues created in favour of the transferee bank and it shall not be necessary to obtain the consent of any person concerned therewith in any capacity whatsoever or of the person who created such security in order to give effect to the provisions of this sub-paragraph.
(5) The incentives, subsidies, exemptions, including goods and services tax benefits, income tax holiday or benefit or losses and other benefits or exemptions or privileges enjoyed, or availed of by the transferor bank shall without any further act or deed shall vest with and be available to the transferee bank on the same terms and conditions, as if the same had been allotted or granted or sanctioned or allowed to the transferee bank.
(6) If, according to the laws of any country outside India, the provisions of this Scheme, by themselves, are not effective to transfer or vest any asset or liability situated in that country which forms part of the undertaking of the transferor bank to or in the transferee bank, the affairs of the transferor bank in relation to such asset or liability shall, on the appointed date, stand entrusted to the Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer for the time being of the transferee bank and the Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer may exercise all powers and do all such acts and things as would have been exercised or done by the transferor bank for the purpose of effectively transferring such assets and discharging such liabilities and shall take all such steps as may be required by the laws of any such country outside India for the purpose of effecting such transfer or vesting and in connection therewith, may, either himself or through any person authorised by him in this behalf, realise any assets or discharge any liability of the transferor bank
and transfer the net proceeds thereof to the transferee bank.
4. Closure of books of transferor bank and preparation of balance sheet.–
(1) The books of the transferor bank shall be closed and the balance sheet prepared in the first instance at the close of business on the 17th day of November, 2020 and thereafter as at the close of business on the date immediately preceding the appointed date and the balance sheet shall be got audited and certified by a chartered accountant or a firm of chartered accountants approved or nominated by the Reserve Bank for the purpose.
(2) A copy of the balance sheet of the transferor bank prepared in accordance with the provisions of sub-paragraph (1), shall be filed by the transferee bank with the Registrar of Companies as soon as possible after it has been received and thereafter the transferor bank shall not be required to prepare balance sheet or profit and loss accounts, or to lay the same before its members or file copies thereof with the Registrar of Companies or to hold any board meeting or annual general meeting for the purpose of considering the balance sheet and accounts or for any other purpose or to comply with the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and it shall not thereafter be necessary for the Board of Directors of the transferor bank to meet for any purpose.
5. Valuation of assets and determination of liabilities.–
(1) The transferee bank shall value the assets and reckon the liabilities of the transferor bank in accordance with the following provisions, namely:–
(a) investments other than Government Securities shall be valued at the market rates prevailing on the day immediately preceding the appointed date;
(b) (i) the Government Securities shall be valued as on the day immediately preceding the appointed date in accordance with the Reserve Bank guidelines;
(ii) the Securities of the Central Government such as Post Office Certificates, Treasury Savings Deposit Certificates and any other securities or certificates issued under the small savings Scheme of the Central Government shall be valued at their face value or the encashable value as on the said date, whichever is higher;
(iii) where the market value of any Government Security such as the Zamindari Abolition Bonds or other similar security, if any, held by the transferor bank in respect of which the principal is payable in installments is not ascertainable or is, for any reason, not considered as reflecting the fair value thereof or as otherwise appropriate, the security shall be valued at such amount as is considered reasonable having regard to the installments of principal and interest remaining to be paid, the period during which such installments are payable, the yield of any security issued by the Government to which the security pertains and having the same or approximately the same maturity, and other relevant factors;
(c) where the market value of any security, share, debenture, bond or other investment is not considered reasonable by reason of its having been affected by abnormal factors, the investment may be valued on the basis of its average market value over any reasonable period;
(d) where the market value of any security, share, debenture, bond or other investments is not ascertainable, only such value, if any, shall be taken into account as is considered reasonable, having regard to the financial position of the issuing concern, the dividends paid by it during the preceding five years and other relevant factors;
(e) premises and all other immovable properties and any assets acquired in satisfaction of claims shall be valued at their market value;
(f) the furniture and fixtures, stationery in stock and other assets, if any, shall be valued at the written down value as per books or the realisable value as may be considered reasonable;
(g) advances, including bills purchased and discounted, book debts, sundry assets, and all other remaining tangible or intangible assets will be scrutinised by the transferee bank and the securities, including guarantees, held as cover therefor examined and verified by the transferee bank and thereafter the advances, including portions thereof, will be classified into two categories namely, “Advances considered good and readily realisable” and “Advances considered not readily realisable and or bad or doubtful of recovery”.
(2) The transferee bank shall open on the appointed date, an account to be called the “asset account” into which shall be credited the aggregate amount representing the value of the assets determined as readily realisable assets in accordance with this paragraph.
(3) (i) Where the valuation of any asset cannot be determined on the appointed date, it may, with the approval of the Reserve Bank, be treated partly or wholly as an asset realisable at a later date;
(ii) In the event of any disagreement as regards the valuation of any asset and or the classification of any advance and or the determination of any liability, the matter shall be referred to the Reserve Bank, for its opinion, provided that until such an opinion is received, the valuation of the item or portion thereof by the transferee bank shall provisionally be adopted for the purposes of this Scheme;
(iii) It shall be competent for the Reserve Bank, in the event of its becoming necessary to do so, to obtain such technical advice as it may consider to be appropriate in connection with the valuation of any such item of asset or determination of any such item of liability, and the cost of obtaining such advice shall be payable in full out of the assets of the transferor bank.
(4) Liabilities for purposes of this Scheme shall include all liabilities, including contingent liabilities, which the transferee bank may be required to meet out of its own resources on or after the appointed date.
(5) The valuation of the assets and the determination of the liabilities in accordance with the foregoing provisions shall be binding on all concerned, including the members and creditors of both the banks.
6. Discharge of liability of transferor bank.–
(1) In respect of:
(a) any sums deposited by any employee of the transferor bank with that bank as staff security deposits, together with interest, if any, accrued thereon up to the appointed date shall be paid or provided for in full;
(b) every savings bank account or current account or any other deposit account including a fixed deposit, cash certificate, monthly deposit, deposit payable at call or short notice or any other deposits by whatever name called with the transferor bank, the transferee bank shall open with itself on the appointed date, a corresponding and similar account in the name of the respective holders thereof crediting thereto full amount including interest to the extent payable under this Scheme:
Provided that where the transferee bank entertains a reasonable doubt about the correctness of the entries made in any particular account, it may with the approval of the Reserve Bank withhold the credit to be made in that account for a period not exceeding three months from the appointed date within which the transferee bank shall ascertain the correct balance in such account.
(2) In respect of any interest bearing deposit accounts, the transferee bank shall pay interest at the rate applicable in accordance with the prevailing policy of transferor bank till the appointed date and in respect of balances in any current account or any other non-interest bearing account, no interest shall be payable to the account holder nor shall any account holder be entitled to claim any compensation for the non-payment of any deposit or other money from his account during the period from the 17th day of November, 2020 till the appointed date.
(3) In respect of every other liability of the transferor bank determined under paragraph 5, the transferee bank shall pay to the creditors the amount of such liability as and when they fall due.
(4) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any contract, express or implied, interest from the appointed date shall be paid in respect of the new account opened with the transferee bank and credited in accordance with the provisions of this Scheme only at such rates as the transferee bank normally allows to its own depositors for such accounts.
(5) The credit balance in the asset account shall be appropriated to the extent required to meet the liability under this paragraph if the balance in the asset account is not sufficient and so much of the shortfall shall be treated as amount spent by the transferee bank.
7. Rights and liabilities of members and creditors of transferor bank.–
(1) On and from the appointed date, the entire amount of the paid-up share capital and reserves and surplus, including the balances in the shares or securities premium account of the transferor bank, shall stand written off.
(2) On and from the appointed date, the transferor bank shall cease to exist by operation of this Scheme, and its shares or debentures listed in any stock exchange shall stand delisted without any further action from the transferor bank, transferee bank or order from any authority.
8. Rights and obligations of the employees of transferor bank.–
(1) All the employees of the transferor bank shall continue in service and be deemed to have been appointed in the transferee bank at the same remuneration and on the same terms and conditions of service, as were applicable to such employees immediately before the close of business on the 17th day of November, 2020:
Provided that the employees of the transferor bank, who have by notice in writing given to the transferor bank or the transferee bank at any time before the expiry of one month next following the appointed date intimated their intention of not becoming employees of the transferee bank shall be entitled to the payment of such compensation, if any, under the provisions of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 (14 of 1947) and such pension, gratuity, provident fund and other retirement benefits as may be ordinarily admissible under the rules or authorisations of the transferor bank as in force immediately before the close of business on the 17th day of November, 2020:
Provided further that the transferee bank may discontinue the services of the Key Managerial Personnel of the transferor bank after following the due procedure at any time after the appointed date, as it deems necessary, and providing them compensation as per the terms of their employment.
(2) The transferee bank shall, in respect of the employees of the transferor bank who are deemed to have been appointed as employees of the transferee bank, be deemed also to have taken over the liability for them of retrenchment compensation in the event of their being retrenched while in the service of the transferee bank on the basis that their service has been continuous and has not been interrupted by their transfer to the transferee bank.
(3) The transferee bank shall, not later than the expiry of the period of three years from the appointed date, pay or grant to the employees of the transferor bank whose services are continued in the transferee bank under sub-paragraph (1), except such of the employees who ceases to be in service under the proviso to the said sub-paragraph (1), the same remuneration and the same terms and conditions of service as are applicable to the employees of corresponding rank or status of the transferee bank subject to the qualifications and experience of the said employees of the transferor bank being the same as or equivalent to those of such other employees of the transferee bank;
(4) For the purposes of assessing the equivalence of qualification and experience and suggesting fitment of employees of the transferor bank in an appropriate cadre in the transferee bank, the transferee bank shall, as soon as possible, constitute an expert committee and may take into account its recommendations while framing necessary policy:
Provided that if any doubt or difference arises as to whether the qualifications or experience of any of the said employees are the same as or equivalent to the qualifications and experience of the other employees of corresponding rank or status of the transferee bank or as to the procedure or principles to be adopted for the fixation of pay of the said employees in the scales of pay of the transferee bank, the doubt or difference shall be referred to the Reserve Bank whose decision thereon shall be final.
(5) The trustees or administrators of any provident fund, gratuity fund or pension fund constituted for the employees of the transferor bank, or as the case may be, the transferor bank, shall on or as soon as possible after the appointed date, transfer to the trustees of the employees’ provident fund or gratuity fund or pension fund constituted for the transferee bank or otherwise as the transferee bank may direct, all the moneys and investments held in trust for the benefit of the employees of the transferor bank and from the appointed date, the transferee bank or trustees of the pension fund shall continue to pay pension to the retired employees of the transferor bank according to their eligibility and in the same manner as they were getting before that date:
Provided that such latter trustees shall not be liable for any deficiency in the value of investments, or in respect of any act, neglect or default done before the appointed date.
9. Demand by depositors or creditors.– No depositor or creditor of the transferor bank shall be entitled to make any demand against the transferor bank or the transferee bank in respect of any liability of the transferor bank to him except to the extent specified by this Scheme.
10. Reorganisation of branches of transferor bank.–
The transferee bank shall have the option of merging branches of transferor bank according to its convenience and may close down or shift the existing branches of the transferor bank, as per the instructions issued by the Reserve Bank.
11. Furnishing statements and information.–
The transferee bank shall submit to the Reserve Bank such statements and information as may be required by it from time to time regarding the implementation of this Scheme.
12. Manner of service of notice.–
Any notice or other communication required to be given by the transferee bank shall be considered to be duly given if addressed and sent by speed post or by courier or by pre-paid ordinary post or by e-mail or otherwise to the addressee at the address registered in the books of the transferor bank, until a new address is registered in the books of the transferee bank and any notice or communication, which is of general interest shall be advertised, in addition, in one or more daily newspapers, which may be in circulation at the places where the registered office of transferor bank is situated.
13. Interpretation of provisions of this Scheme.–
If any doubt arises in the interpretation of the provisions of this Scheme, the matter shall be referred to the Rese1rve Bank and its views on the issue shall be final and binding on all concerned.