Section 2(31) Income Tax: Person – Meaning

As per Section 2(31) of Income Tax Act, 1961, unless the context otherwise requires, the term “person” includes:

(i)  an individual,

(ii)  a Hindu undivided family,

(iii)  a company,

(iv)  a firm,

(v)  an association of persons or a body of individuals, whether incorporated or not,

(vi)  a local authority, and

(vii) every artificial juridical person, not falling within any of the preceding sub-clauses.

Explanation: For the purposes of this clause, an association of persons or a body of individuals or a local authority or an artificial juridical person shall be deemed to be a person, whether or not such person or body or authority or juridical person was formed or established or incorporated with the object of deriving income, profits or gains.

Income-tax is to be paid by every person. The term ‘person’ as defined under the Income-tax Act covers in its ambit natural as well as artificial persons. For the purpose of charging Income-tax, the term ‘person’, under Section 2(31) of Income Tax, includes Individual, Hindu Undivided Families [HUFs], Association of Persons [AOPs], Body of individuals [BOIs], Firms, LLPs, Companies, Local authority and any artificial juridical person.

Thus, from the definition of the term ‘person’ it can be observed that, apart from a natural person, i.e., an individual, any sort of artificial entity will also be liable to pay Income-tax.


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