Provisions under Rule 129 of the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Rules, 2017 relating to “Initiation and Conduct of Proceedings (Anti-Profiteering)”, are as under:
CGST Rule 129: Initiation and Conduct of Proceedings (Chapter-XV: Anti-Profiteering)
(1) Where the Standing Committee is satisfied that there is a prima-facie evidence to show that the supplier has not passed on the benefit of reduction in the rate of tax on the supply of goods or services or the benefit of input tax credit to the recipient by way of commensurate reduction in prices, it shall refer the matter to the Director General of Anti-profiteering for a detailed investigation.
(2) The Director General of Anti-profiteering shall conduct investigation and collect evidence necessary to determine whether the benefit of reduction in the rate of tax on any supply of goods or services or the benefit of input tax credit has been passed on to the recipient by way of commensurate reduction in prices.
(3) The Director General of Anti-profiteering shall, before initiation of the investigation, issue a notice to the interested parties containing, inter alia, information on the following, namely:-
(a) the description of the goods or services in respect of which the proceedings have been initiated;
(b) summary of the statement of facts on which the allegations are based; and
(c) the time limit allowed to the interested parties and other persons who may have information related to the proceedings for furnishing their reply.
(4) The Director General of Anti-profiteering may also issue notices to such other persons as deemed fit for a fair enquiry into the matter.
(5) The Director General of Anti-profiteering shall make available the evidence presented to it by one interested party to the other interested parties, participating in the proceedings.
(6) The Director General of Anti-profiteering shall complete the investigation within a period of six months of the receipt of the reference from the Standing Committee or within such extended period not exceeding a further period of three months for reasons to be recorded in writing as may be allowed by the Authority and, upon completion of the investigation, furnish to the Authority, a report of its findings along with the relevant records.
1. Sub-rule (6) amended vide Notification No. 14/2018 Central Tax dt. 23 March 2018.
2. The words “Director General of Safeguards” substituted with the words “Director General of Anti-profiteering” in sub-rules (1) to (6) vide Notification No. 29/2018 Central Tax dt. 6 July 2018 w.e.f. 12 June 2018.
3. sub-rule (6) further amended vide Notification No. 31/2019 Central Tax dt. 28 June 2019.
It may be noted that the above information is based on Updated CGST Rules 2017 (amended upto 5th May 2020), as compiled/ shared by CBIC (i.e. as notified/ amended upto 5th May 2020 by the CBIC). However, for detailed/ official information and/ or subsequent updates, please refer relevant Notifications. E&OE
Further, it may be noted that Rules 27 to 138 (pertaining to various Chapters) of the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Rules, 2017 were initially notified by CBIC vide CGST (2nd Amendment) Rules, 2017 Notification No. 10/2017 Central Tax dt. 28 June 2017, applicable w.e.f. 1 July 2017 (or as may be specified in respective Rules).
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