Rule 133 of CGST Rules 2017: Order of the Authority (Anti-Profiteering)

Provisions under Rule 133 of the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Rules, 2017 relating to “Order of the Authority (Anti-Profiteering)”, are as under:

CGST Rule 133: Order of the Authority (Chapter-XV: Anti-Profiteering) 

(1) The Authority shall, within a period of three six months from the date of the receipt of the report from the Director General of Safeguards Director General of Anti-profiteering determine whether a registered person has passed on the benefit of the reduction in the rate of tax on the supply of goods or services or the benefit of input tax credit to the recipient by way of commensurate reduction in prices.

(2) An opportunity of hearing shall be granted to the interested parties by the Authority where any request is received in writing from such interested parties.

(2A) The Authority may seek the clarification, if any, from the Director General of Anti Profiteering on the report submitted under sub-rule (6) of rule 129 during the process of determination under sub-rule (1).

(3) Where the Authority determines that a registered person has not passed on the benefit of the reduction in the rate of tax on the supply of goods or services or the benefit of input tax credit to the recipient by way of commensurate reduction in prices, the Authority may order-

(a) reduction in prices;

(b) return to the recipient, an amount equivalent to the amount not passed on by way of commensurate reduction in prices along with interest at the rate of eighteen per cent. from the date of collection of the higher amount till the date of the return of such amount or recovery of the amount including interest not returned, as the case may be, in case the eligible person does not claim return of the amount or is not identifiable, and depositing the same in the Fund referred to in section 57;

(c) imposition of penalty as specified under the Act; and

(d) cancellation of registration under the Act.

(3) Where the Authority determines that a registered person has not passed on the benefit of the reduction in the rate of tax on the supply of goods or services or the benefit of input tax credit to the recipient by way of commensurate reduction in prices, the Authority may order-

(a) reduction in prices;

(b) return to the recipient, an amount equivalent to the amount not passed on by way of commensurate reduction in prices along with interest at the rate of eighteen per cent. from the date of collection of the higher amount till the date of the return of such amount or recovery of the amount including interest not returned, as the case may be;

(c) the deposit of an amount equivalent to fifty per cent of the amount determined under the above clause along with interest at the rate of eighteen per cent from the date of collection of the higher amount till the date of deposit of such amount in the Fund constituted under section 57 and the remaining fifty per cent of the amount in the Fund constituted under section 57 of the Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 of the concerned State, where the eligible person does not claim return of the amount or is not identifiable;

(d) imposition of penalty as specified under the Act; and

(e) cancellation of registration under the Act.

Explanation: For the purpose of this sub-rule, the expression, “concerned State” means the State or Union Territory in respect of which the Authority passes an order.

(4) If the report of the Director General of Safeguards Director General of Anti-profiteering referred to in sub-rule (6) of rule 129 recommends that there is contravention or even non-contravention of the provisions of section 171 or these rules, but the Authority is of the opinion that further investigation or inquiry is called for in the matter, it may, for reasons to be recorded in writing, refer the matter to the Director General of Anti-profiteering to cause further investigation or inquiry in accordance with the provisions of the Act and these rules.

(5) (a) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-rule (4), where upon receipt of the report of the Director General of Anti-profiteering referred to in sub-rule (6) of rule 129, the Authority has reasons to believe that there has been contravention of the provisions of section 171 in respect of goods or services or both other than those covered in the said report, it may, for reasons to be recorded in writing, within the time limit specified in sub-rule (1), direct the Director General of Anti-profiteering to cause investigation or inquiry with regard to such other goods or services or both, in accordance with the provisions of the Act and these rules.

(b) The investigation or enquiry under clause (a) shall be deemed to be a new investigation or enquiry and all the provisions of rule 129 shall mutatis mutandis apply to such investigation or enquiry.

Amendments History:

1. Sub-rule (4) inserted vide Central Tax Notification 14/2018 dt. 23/03/2018.

2. Sub-rule (3) substituted vide Central Tax Notification 26/2018 dt. 13/06/2018.

3. In CGST Rule 133, the text ‘Director General of Safeguards’ substituted with the text ‘Director General of Anti-profiteering’ at two places vide Central Tax Notification 29/2018 dt. 06/07/2018, w.e.f. 12/06/2018.

4. In sub-rule (1) the text ‘three’ substituted with the text ‘six’ vide Central Tax Notification 31/2019 dt. 28/06/2019.

5. Sub-rule (2A) inserted vide Central Tax Notification 31/2019 dt. 28/06/2019.

6. In clause (c) of Sub-rule (3), the text ‘along with interest at the rate of eighteen per cent from the date of collection of the higher amount till the date of deposit of such amount’ inserted vide Central Tax Notification 31/2019 dt. 28/06/2019.

7. In Explanation to Sub-rule (3), the text ‘or Union Territory’ inserted vide Central Tax Notification 31/2019 dt. 28/06/2019.

8. Sub-rule (5) inserted vide Central Tax Notification 31/2019 dt. 28/06/2019.

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Note: The CGST Rules 2017 along with the prescribed Forms were initially notified vide Central Tax Notifications 3/2017 dt. 19/06/2017 (Rule 1 to 26), 10/2017 dt. 28/06/2017 (Rules 27 to 138) and 15/2017 dt. 01/07/2017 (Rules 139 to 162). These Rules/ Forms were subsequently amended by CBIC through various Notifications issued from time to time. Information on this page is a Rule-wise compilation of Amendments made by all such Notifications, with best possible efforts for accuracy. In any case, E&OE. For official/ updated information, please visit CBIC website.

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