Rule 43 of CGST Rules 2017: Manner of Determination of Input Tax Credit in respect of Capital Goods and Reversal thereof in certain Cases

Rule 43 of ‘Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Rules 2017’: Manner of Determination of Input Tax Credit in respect of Capital Goods and Reversal thereof in certain Cases

Provisions under Rule 43 of the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Rules, 2017 relating to “Manner of Determination of Input Tax Credit in respect of Capital Goods and Reversal thereof in certain Cases”, are as under:

CGST Rule 43: Manner of Determination of Input Tax Credit in respect of Capital Goods and Reversal thereof in certain Cases (Chapter-V: Input Tax Credit) 

(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (3) of section 16, the input tax credit in respect of capital goods, which attract the provisions of sub-sections (1) and (2) of section 17, being partly used for the purposes of business and partly for other purposes, or partly used for effecting taxable supplies including zero rated supplies and partly for effecting exempt supplies, shall be attributed to the purposes of business or for effecting taxable supplies in the following manner, namely,-

(a) the amount of input tax in respect of capital goods used or intended to be used exclusively for non-business purposes or used or intended to be used exclusively for effecting exempt supplies shall be indicated in FORM GSTR-2 and FORM GSTR-3B and shall not be credited to his electronic credit ledger;

(b) the amount of input tax in respect of capital goods used or intended to be used exclusively for effecting supplies other than exempted supplies but including zero rated supplies shall be indicated in FORM GSTR-2 and FORM GSTR-3B and shall be credited to the electronic credit ledger:

Explanation: For the purpose of this clause, it is hereby clarified that in case of supply of services covered by clause (b) of paragraph 5 of the Schedule II of the said Act, the amount of input tax in respect of capital goods used or intended to be used exclusively for effecting supplies other than exempted supplies but including zero rated supplies, shall be zero during the construction phase because capital goods will be commonly used for construction of apartments booked on or before the date of issuance of completion certificate or first occupation of the project, whichever is earlier, and those which are not booked by the said date.

(c) the amount of input tax in respect of capital goods not covered under clauses (a) and (b), denoted as ‘A’, shall be credited to the electronic credit ledger and the useful life of such goods shall be taken as five years from the date of the invoice for such goods:

Provided that where any capital goods earlier covered under clause (a) is subsequently covered under this clause, the value of ‘A’ shall be arrived at by reducing the input tax at the rate of five percentage points for every quarter or part thereof and the amount ‘A’ shall be credited to the electronic credit ledger;

Explanation.- An item of capital goods declared under clause (a) on its receipt shall not attract the provisions of sub-section (4) of section 18, if it is subsequently covered under this clause.

(d) the aggregate of the amounts of ‘A’ credited to the electronic credit ledger under clause (c), to be denoted as ‘Tc’, shall be the common credit in respect of capital goods for a tax period:

Provided that where any capital goods earlier covered under clause (b) is subsequently covered under clause (c), the value of ‘A’ arrived at by reducing the input tax at the rate of five percentage points for every quarter or part thereof shall be added to the aggregate value ‘Tc’;

(e) the amount of input tax credit attributable to a tax period on common capital goods during their useful life, be denoted as ‘Tm’ and calculated as Tm= Tc÷60

(f) the amount of input tax credit, at the beginning of a tax period, on all common capital goods whose useful life remains during the tax period, be denoted as ‘Tr’ and shall be the aggregate of ‘Tm’ for all such capital goods;

(g) the amount of common credit attributable towards exempted supplies, be denoted as ‘Te’, and calculated as Te= (E÷ F) x Tr

where,

‘E’ is the aggregate value of exempt supplies, made, during the tax period, and

‘F’ is the total turnover in the State of the registered person during the tax period:

Provided that in case of supply of services covered by clause (b) of paragraph 5 of the Schedule II of the Act, the value of ‘E/F’ for a tax period shall be calculated for each project separately, taking value of E and F as under:

E= aggregate carpet area of the apartments, construction of which is exempt from tax plus aggregate carpet area of the apartments, construction of which is not exempt from tax, but are identified by the promoter to be sold after issue of completion certificate or first occupation, whichever is earlier;

F= aggregate carpet area of the apartments in the project;

Explanation 1: In the tax period in which the issuance of completion certificate or first occupation of the project takes place, value of E shall also include aggregate carpet area of the apartments, which have not been booked till the date of issuance of completion certificate or first occupation of the project, whichever is earlier.

Explanation 2: Carpet area of apartments, tax on construction of which is paid or payable at the rates specified for items (i), (ia), (ib), (ic) or (id), against serial number 3 of the Table in notification No. 11/2017-Central Tax (Rate) published in the Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, Section 3, Sub-section (i) dated 28th June, 2017 vide GSR No. 690 (E) dated 28th June, 2017, as amended, shall be taken into account for calculation of value of ‘E’ in view of Explanation (iv) in paragraph 4 of the notification No. 11/2017-Central Tax (Rate) published in the Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, Section 3, Sub-section (i) dated the 28th June, 2017 vide GSR No. 690 (E) dated 28th June, 2017, as amended.

Provided further that where the registered person does not have any turnover during the said tax period or the aforesaid information is not available, the value of ‘E/F’ shall be calculated by taking values of ‘E’ and ‘F’ of the last tax period for which the details of such turnover are available, previous to the month during which the said value of ‘E/F’ is to be calculated;

Explanation.- For the purposes of this clause, it is hereby clarified that the aggregate value of exempt supplies and the total turnover shall exclude the amount of any duty or tax levied under entry 84 and entry 92A of List I of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution and entry 51 and 54 of List II of the said Schedule;

(h) the amount Te along with the applicable interest shall, during every tax period of the useful life of the concerned capital goods, be added to the output tax liability of the person making such claim of credit.

(i) The amount Te shall be computed separately for input tax credit of central tax, State tax, Union territory tax and integrated tax and declared in FORM GSTR-3B.

(2) In case of supply of services covered by clause (b) of paragraph 5 of schedule II of the Act, the amount of common credit attributable towards exempted supplies (Te final) shall be calculated finally for the entire period from the commencement of the project or 1st July, 2017, whichever is later, to the completion or first occupation of the project, whichever is earlier, for each project separately, before the due date for furnishing of the return for the month of September following the end of financial year in which the completion certificate is issued or first occupation takes place of the project, as under: Te final= [(E1 + E2 + E3) /F] x Tc final,

Where,-

E1= aggregate carpet area of the apartments, construction of which is exempt from tax

E2= aggregate carpet area of the apartments, supply of which is partly exempt and partly taxable, consequent to change of rates of tax on 1st April, 2019, which shall be calculated as under, –

E2= [Carpet area of such apartments] x [V1/ (V1+V2)],-

Where,-

V1 is the total value of supply of such apartments which was exempt from tax; and

V2 is the total value of supply of such apartments which was taxable

E3 = aggregate carpet area of the apartments, construction of which is not exempt from tax, but have not been booked till the date of issuance of completion certificate or first occupation of the project, whichever is earlier:

F= aggregate carpet area of the apartments in the project;

Tc final = aggregate of A final in respect of all capital goods used in the project and A final for each capital goods shall be calculated as under,

A final= A x (number of months for which capital goods is used for the project/ 60) and,-

(a) where value of Te final exceeds the aggregate of amounts of Te determined for each tax period under sub-rule (1), such excess shall be reversed by the registered person in FORM GSTR-3B or through FORM GST DRC-03 in the month not later than the month of September following the end of the financial year in which the completion certificate is issued or first occupation takes place of the project and the said person shall be liable to pay interest on the said excess amount at the rate specified in sub-section (1) of section 50 for the period starting from the first day of April of the succeeding financial year till the date of payment; or

(b) where aggregate of amounts of Te determined for each tax period under sub-rule (1) exceeds Te final, such excess amount shall be claimed as credit by the registered person in his return for a month not later than the month of September following the end of the financial year in which the completion certificate is issued or first occupation takes place of the project.

Explanation.- For the purpose of calculation of Tc final, part of the month shall be treated as one complete month.

(3) The amount Te final and Tc final shall be computed separately for input tax credit of central tax, State tax, Union territory tax and integrated tax.

(4) Where any capital goods are used for more than one project, input tax credit with respect to such capital goods shall be assigned to each project on a reasonable basis and credit reversal pertaining to each project shall be carried out as per sub-rule (2).

(5) Where any capital goods used for the project have their useful life remaining on the completion of the project, input tax credit attributable to the remaining life shall be availed in the project in which the capital goods is further used;

Explanation 1:- For the purposes of rule 42 and this rule, it is hereby clarified that the aggregate value of exempt supplies shall exclude:-

(a) omitted;

(b) the value of services by way of accepting deposits, extending loans or advances in so far as the consideration is represented by way of interest or discount, except in case of a banking company or a financial institution including a non-banking financial company, engaged in supplying services by way of accepting deposits, extending loans or advances; and

(c) the value of supply of services by way of transportation of goods by a vessel from the customs station of clearance in India to a place outside India.

Explanation 2:- For the purposes of rule 42 and this rule,-

(i) the term “apartment” shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in clause (e) of section 2 of the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016 (16 of 2016);

(ii) the term “project” shall mean a real estate project or a residential real estate project;

(iii) the term “Real Estate Project (REP)” shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in in clause (zn) of section 2 of the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016 (16 of 2016);

(iv) the term “Residential Real Estate Project (RREP)” shall mean a REP in which the carpet area of the commercial apartments is not more than 15 per cent. of the total carpet area of all the apartments in the REP;

(v) the term “promoter” shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in in clause (zk) of section 2 of the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016 (16 of 2016);

(vi) “Residential apartment” shall mean an apartment intended for residential use as declared to the Real Estate Regulatory Authority or to competent authority;

(vii) “Commercial apartment” shall mean an apartment other than a residential apartment;

(viii) the term “competent authority” as mentioned in definition of “residential apartment”, means the local authority or any authority created or established under any law for the time being in force by the Central Government or State Government or Union Territory Government, which exercises authority over land under its jurisdiction, and has powers to give permission for development of such immovable property;

(ix) the term “Real Estate Regulatory Authority” shall mean the Authority established under sub- section (1) of section 20 (1) of the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016 (No. 16 of 2016) by the Central Government or State Government;

(x) the term “carpet area” shall have the same meaning assigned to it in in clause (k) of section 2 of the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016 (16 of 2016);

(xi) “an apartment booked on or before the date of issuance of completion certificate or first occupation of the project” shall mean an apartment which meets all the following three conditions, namely-

(a) part of supply of construction of the apartment service has time of supply on or before the said date; and

(b) consideration equal to at least one installment has been credited to the bank account of the registered person on or before the said date; and

(c) an allotment letter or sale agreement or any other similar document evidencing booking of the apartment has been issued on or before the said date.

(xii) The term “ongoing project” shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in notification No. 11/2017- Central Tax (Rate), dated the 28th June, 2017, published vide GSR No. 690(E) dated the 28th June, 2017, as amended;

(xiii) The term “project which commences on or after 1st April, 2019” shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in notification No. 11/2017- Central Tax (Rate), dated the 28th June, 2017, published vide GSR No. 690(E) dated the 28th June, 2017, as amended;

Amendments History:

1. The text “and FORM GSTR-3B” inserted in clauses (a) and (b) of sub-rule (1) w.e.f. 1 April 2019 vide Notification 16/2019 Central Tax dt. 29 March 2019.

2. Explanation to clause (b) of sub-rule (1) inserted w.e.f. 1 April 2019 vide Notification 16/2019 Central Tax dt. 29 March 2019.

3. The text “in the State” inserted in clauses (g) of sub-rule (1) w.e.f. 1 April 2019 vide Notification 16/2019 Central Tax dt. 29 March 2019.

4. First proviso and Explanations 1 & 2 thereto inserted in clauses (g) of sub-rule (1) w.e.f. 1 April 2019 vide Notification 16/2019 Central Tax dt. 29 March 2019.

5. The text “and entry 92A” inserted in explanation to second proviso of clauses (g) of sub-rule (1) w.e.f. 1 Feb. 2019 vide Notification 3/2019 Central Tax dt. 29 Jan. 2019.

6. Clauses (h) of sub-rule (1) inserted w.e.f. 1 April 2019 vide Notification 16/2019 Central Tax dt. 29 March 2019.

7. Sub-rule (2) substituted w.e.f. 1 April 2019 vide Notification 16/2019 Central Tax dt. 29 March 2019.

8. Explanation 1 to sub-rule (2) inserted vide Notification No. 55/2017 Central Tax dt. 15 Nov. 2017

9. Explanation 1 to sub-rule (2) substituted vide Notification No. 03/2018 Central Tax dt. 23 Jan. 2018.

10. Clause (a) of Explanation 1 to sub-rule (2) omitted w.e.f. 1 Feb. 2019 vide Notification 3/2019 Central Tax dt. 29 Jan. 2019.

11. Explanation 2 to sub-rule (2) inserted w.e.f. 1 April 2019 vide Notification 16/2019 Central Tax dt. 29 March 2019.

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It may be noted that the above information is based on Updated CGST Rules 2017 (amended upto 18 July 2019), as compiled/ shared by CBIC (i.e. as notified/ amended upto 18 July 2019 by the CBIC). However, for detailed/ official information and/or subsequent updates, please refer relevant Notifications. E&OE

Further, it may be noted that Rules 27 to 138 (pertaining to various Chapters) of the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Rules, 2017 were initially notified by CBIC (CBEC) vide CGST (2nd Amendment) Rules, 2017 Notification No. 10/2017 Central Tax dt. 28 June 2017, applicable w.e.f. 1 July 2017 (or as may be specified in respective Rules).

Other GST Related Posts:
Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST):
CGST Act/ DefinitionsCGST Rules
CGST NotificationsCGST Circulars
CGST Orders 
Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST):
IGST Act/ DefinitionsIGST Rules
IGST NotificationsIGST Circulars
IGST Orders 
Union Territory Goods and Services Tax (UTGST):
UTGST Act/ DefinitionsUTGST Rules
UTGST NotificationsUTGST Circulars
UTGST Orders 

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