Provisions under Rule 97 of the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Rules, 2017 relating to “Consumer Welfare Fund”, are as under:
CGST Rule 97: Consumer Welfare Fund (Chapter-X: Refund)
(1) All amounts of duty/central tax/ integrated tax/ Union territory tax/cess and income from investment along with other monies specified in subsection (2) of section 12C of the Central Excise Act, 1944 (1 of 1944), section 57 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 (12 of 2017) read with section 20 of the Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 (13 of 2017), section 21 of the Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 (14 of 2017) and section 12 of the Goods and Services Tax (Compensation to States) Act, 2017 (15 of 2017) shall be credited to the Fund:
Provided that an amount equivalent to fifty per cent. of the amount of integrated tax determined under sub-section (5) of section 54 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017, read with section 20 of the Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017, shall be deposited in the Fund:
Provided further that an amount equivalent to fifty per cent. of the amount of cess determined under sub-section (5) of section 54 read with section 11 of the Goods and Services Tax (Compensation to States) Act, 2017 (15 of 2017), shall be deposited in the Fund.
(2) Where any amount, having been credited to the Fund, is ordered or directed to be paid to any claimant by the proper officer, appellate authority or court, the same shall be paid from the Fund.
(3) Accounts of the Fund maintained by the Central Government shall be subject to audit by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
(4) The Government shall, by an order, constitute a Standing Committee (hereinafter referred to as the ‘Committee‘) with a Chairman, a Vice-Chairman, a Member Secretary and such other members as it may deem fit and the Committee shall make recommendations for proper utilisation of the money credited to the Fund for welfare of the consumers.
(5) (a) The Committee shall meet as and when necessary, generally four times in a year;
(b) the Committee shall meet at such time and place as the Chairman, or in his absence, the Vice-Chairman of the Committee may deem fit;
(c) the meeting of the Committee shall be presided over by the Chairman, or in his absence, by the Vice-Chairman;
(d) the meeting of the Committee shall be called, after giving at least ten days‘ notice in writing to every member;
(e) the notice of the meeting of the Committee shall specify the place, date and hour of the meeting and shall contain statement of business to be transacted thereat;
(f) no proceeding of the Committee shall be valid, unless it is presided over by the Chairman or Vice-Chairman and attended by a minimum of three other members.
(6) The Committee shall have powers-
(a) to require any applicant to get registered with any authority as the Central Government may specify;
(b) to require any applicant to produce before it, or before a duly authorised officer of the Central Government or the State Government, as the case may be, such books, accounts, documents, instruments, or commodities in custody and control of the applicant, as may be necessary for proper evaluation of the application;
(c) to require any applicant to allow entry and inspection of any premises, from which activities claimed to be for the welfare of consumers are stated to be carried on, to a duly authorised officer of the Central Government or the State Government, as the case may be;
(d) to get the accounts of the applicants audited, for ensuring proper utilisation of the grant;
(e) to require any applicant, in case of any default, or suppression of material information on his part, to refund in lump-sum along with accrued interest, the sanctioned grant to the Committee, and to be subject to prosecution under the Act;
(f) to recover any sum due from any applicant in accordance with the provisions of the Act;
(g) to require any applicant, or class of applicants to submit a periodical report, indicating proper utilisation of the grant;
(h) to reject an application placed before it on account of factual inconsistency, or inaccuracy in material particulars;
(i) to recommend minimum financial assistance, by way of grant to an applicant, having regard to his financial status, and importance and utility of the nature of activity under pursuit, after ensuring that the financial assistance provided shall not be misutilised;
(j) to identify beneficial and safe sectors, where investments out of Fund may be made, and make recommendations, accordingly;
(k) to relax the conditions required for the period of engagement in consumer welfare activities of an applicant;
(l) to make guidelines for the management, and administration of the Fund.
(7) The Committee shall not consider an application, unless it has been inquired into, in material details and recommended for consideration accordingly, by the Member Secretary.
(7A) The Committee shall make available to the Board 50 per cent. of the amount credited to the Fund each year, for publicity or consumer awareness on Goods and Services Tax, provided the availability of funds for consumer welfare activities of the Department of Consumer Affairs is not less than twenty-five crore rupees per annum.
(8) The Committee shall make recommendations:-
(a) for making available grants to any applicant;
(b) for investment of the money available in the Fund;
(c) for making available grants (on selective basis) for reimbursing legal expenses incurred by a complainant, or class of complainants in a consumer dispute, after its final adjudication;
(d) for making available grants for any other purpose recommended by the Central Consumer Protection Council (as may be considered appropriate by the Committee);
(e) for making available up to 50% of the funds credited to the Fund each year, for publicity/ consumer awareness on GST, provided the availability of funds for consumer welfare activities of the Department of Consumer Affairs is not less than twenty five crore rupees per annum.
Explanation.- For the purposes of this rule,
(a) ‘Act’ means the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 (12 of 2017), or the Central Excise Act, 1944 (1 of 1944) as the case may be;
(b) ‘applicant’ means,
(i) the Central Government or State Government;
(ii) regulatory authorities or autonomous bodies constituted under an Act of Parliament or the Legislature of a State or Union Territory;
(iii) any agency or organization engaged in consumer welfare activities for a minimum period of three years, registered under the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013) or under any other law for the time being in force;
(iv) village or mandal or samiti or samiti level co-operatives of consumers especially Women, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes;
(v) an educational or research institution incorporated by an Act of Parliament or the Legislature of a State or Union Territory in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University under section 3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956 (3 of 1956) and which has consumers studies as part of its curriculum for a minimum period of three years; and
(vi) a complainant as defined under clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 (68 of 1986), who applies for reimbursement of legal expenses incurred by him in a case instituted by him in a consumer dispute redressal agency.
(c) ‘application’ means an application in the form as specified by the Standing Committee from time to time;
(d) ‘Central Consumer Protection Council’ means the Central Consumer Protection Council, established under sub-section (1) of section 4 of the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 (68 of 1986), for promotion and protection of rights of consumers;
(e) ‘Committee’ means the Committee constituted under sub-rule (4);
(f) ‘consumer’ has the same meaning as assigned to it in clause (d) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 (68 of 1986), and includes consumer of goods on which central tax has been paid;
(g) ‘duty‘ means the duty paid under the Central Excise Act, 1944 (1 of 1944) or the Customs Act, 1962 (52 of 1962);
(h) ‘Fund‘ means the Consumer Welfare Fund established by the Central Government under sub-section (1) of section 12C of the Central Excise Act, 1944 (1 of 1944) and section 57 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 (12 of 2017);
(i) ‘proper officer’ means the officer having the power under the Act to make an order that the whole or any part of the central tax is refundable.
1. Second Proviso to sub-rule (1) inserted vide Notification No. 26/2018 Central Tax dt. 13 June 2018.
2. CGST Rule 97 substituted vide Notification No. 21/2018 Central Tax dt. 18 April, 2018.
3. Sub-rule (7A) inserted w.e.f. 1st July 2017, vide Notification No. 49/2019-Central Tax dt. 9th October, 2019,
4. Clause (e) of Sub-rule (8) omitted w.e.f. 1st July 2017, vide Notification No. 49/2019-Central Tax dt. 9th October, 2019,
It may be noted that the above information is based on Updated CGST Rules 2017 (amended upto 5th May 2020), as compiled/ shared by CBIC (i.e. as notified/ amended upto 5th May 2020 by the CBIC). However, for detailed/ official information and/ or subsequent updates, please refer relevant Notifications. E&OE
Further, it may be noted that Rules 27 to 138 (pertaining to various Chapters) of the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Rules, 2017 were initially notified by CBIC vide CGST (2nd Amendment) Rules, 2017 Notification No. 10/2017 Central Tax dt. 28 June 2017, applicable w.e.f. 1 July 2017 (or as may be specified in respective Rules).
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