Section 126 of CGST Act 2017: General Disciplines related to Penalty

Provisions under Section 126 of the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Act, 2017 relating to “General Disciplines related to Penalty”, are as under:

Section 126 of CGST Act 2017: General Disciplines related to Penalty (CHAPTER XIX – OFFENCES AND PENALTIES)

(1) No officer under this Act shall impose any penalty for minor breaches of tax regulations or procedural requirements and in particular, any omission or mistake in documentation which is easily rectifiable and made without fraudulent intent or gross negligence.

Explanation: For the purpose of this sub-section,–

(a) a breach shall be considered a ‘minor breach’ if the amount of tax involved is less than five thousand rupees;

(b) an omission or mistake in documentation shall be considered to be easily rectifiable if the same is an error apparent on the face of record.

(2) The penalty imposed under this Act shall depend on the facts and circumstances of each case and shall be commensurate with the degree and severity of the breach.

(3) No penalty shall be imposed on any person without giving him an opportunity of being heard.

(4) The officer under this Act shall while imposing penalty in an order for a breach of any law, regulation or procedural requirement, specify the nature of the breach and the applicable law, regulation or procedure under which the amount of penalty for the breach has been specified.

(5) When a person voluntarily discloses to an officer under this Act the circumstances of a breach of the tax law, regulation or procedural requirement prior to the discovery of the breach by the officer under this Act, the proper officer may consider this fact as a mitigating factor when quantifying a penalty for that person.

(6) The provisions of this section shall not apply in such cases where the penalty specified under this Act is either a fixed sum or expressed as a fixed percentage.

Amendments History:

1. CBEC notifies 1st July 2017 as the Commencement date for Section 126 of the CGST Act 2017, vide Notification 9/2017 Central Tax.

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Note: The CGST Act, 2017 has been notified vide GOI Notification dt. 12/04/2017, which has subsequently been amended through CGST (Extension to J&K) Act 2017, Finance Act 2018, CGST Amendment Act 2018, Finance (No. 2) Act 2019, Finance Act 2020, Taxation and Other Laws (Relaxation of Certain Provisions) Ordinance 2020, Finance Act 2021, including various Notifications issued by the Govt./ CBIC from time to time, relating to the commencement dates of various Sections/ Provisions in the respective CGST/ Amendment Acts, wherever required. Information on this page is a Section-wise compilation of Amendments made by all such Notifications, with best possible efforts for accuracy. In any case, E&OE. For official/ updated information, please visit CBIC website.

CBIC Updates (GST)
GST Circulars, Notifications, Press Releases, Orders, etc. issued by the Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs (CBIC) in different years, along with Section-wise/ Rule-wise Text of GST Acts/ Rules:
CGST: CGST Act/ Definitions, CGST Rules
IGST: IGST Act/ Definitions, IGST Rules
UTGST: UTGST Act/ Definitions, UTGST Rules
CBIC Circulars (CGST/ IGST/ UTGST): 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Central Tax (CGST) Notifications: 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Central Tax Rate (CGST Rate) Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Integrated Tax (IGST) Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Integrated Tax Rate (IGST Rate) Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC UT Tax (UTGST) Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC UT Tax Rate (UTGST Rate) Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Compensation Cess Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Compensation Cess Rate Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Orders (CGST/ IGST/ UTGST): 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Press Releases: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
Note: For Official/ updated copy, please visit the CBIC website.

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