Section 135 of CGST Act 2017: Presumption of Culpable Mental State

Provisions under Section 135 of the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Act, 2017 relating to “Presumption of Culpable Mental State”, are as under:

Section 135 of CGST Act 2017: Presumption of Culpable Mental State (CHAPTER XIX – OFFENCES AND PENALTIES)

In any prosecution for an offence under this Act which requires a culpable mental state on the part of the accused, the court shall presume the existence of such mental state but it shall be a defence for the accused to prove the fact that he had no such mental state with respect to the act charged as an offence in that prosecution.

Explanation: For the purposes of this section,–

(i) the expression “culpable mental state” includes intention, motive, knowledge of a fact, and belief in, or reason to believe, a fact;

(ii) a fact is said to be proved only when the court believes it to exist beyond reasonable doubt and not merely when its existence is established by a preponderance of probability.

Amendments History:

1. CBEC notifies 1st July 2017 as the Commencement date for Section 135 of the CGST Act 2017, vide Notification 9/2017 Central Tax.

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Govt. has notified the CGST Act, 2017 on 12th April, 2017, which has subsequently been amended through the CGST (Extension to J&K) Act 2017, Finance Act 2018, CGST Amendment Act 2018, Finance (No. 2) Act 2019, Finance Act 2020, Taxation and Other Laws (Relaxation of Certain Provisions) Ordinance 2020. Further, CBEC/ CBIC has also issued various Notifications from time to time, relating to the commencement date of various Sections/ Provisions in the respective CGST/ Amendment Acts, wherever required.

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