Section 22 of CGST Act 2017: Persons Liable for Registration

Provisions under Section 22 of the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Act, 2017 relating to “Persons Liable for Registration”, are as under:

Section 22 of CGST Act 2017: Persons Liable for Registration (CHAPTER VI – REGISTRATION)

(1) Every supplier shall be liable to be registered under this Act in the State or Union territory, other than special category States, from where he makes a taxable supply of goods or services or both, if his aggregate turnover in a financial year exceeds twenty lakh rupees:

Provided that where such person makes taxable supplies of goods or services or both from any of the special category States, he shall be liable to be registered if his aggregate turnover in a financial year exceeds ten lakh rupees.

Provided further that the Government may, at the request of a special category State and on the recommendations of the Council, enhance the aggregate turnover referred to in the first proviso from ten lakh rupees to such amount, not exceeding twenty lakh rupees and subject to such conditions and limitations, as may be so notified.

Provided also that the Government may, at the request of a State and on the recommendations of the Council, enhance the aggregate turnover from twenty lakh rupees to such amount not exceeding forty lakh rupees in case of supplier who is engaged exclusively in the supply of goods, subject to such conditions and limitations, as may be notified.

Explanation.– For the purposes of this sub-section, a person shall be considered to be engaged exclusively in the supply of goods even if he is engaged in exempt supply of services provided by way of extending deposits, loans or advances in so far as the consideration is represented by way of interest or discount.

(2) Every person who, on the day immediately preceding the appointed day, is registered or holds a licence under an existing law, shall be liable to be registered under this Act with effect from the appointed day.

(3) Where a business carried on by a taxable person registered under this Act is transferred, whether on account of succession or otherwise, to another person as a going concern, the transferee or the successor, as the case may be, shall be liable to be registered with effect from the date of such transfer or succession.

(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-sections (1) and (3), in a case of transfer pursuant to sanction of a scheme or an arrangement for amalgamation or, as the case may be, demerger of two or more companies pursuant to an order of a High Court, Tribunal or otherwise, the transferee shall be liable to be registered, with effect from the date on which the Registrar of Companies issues a certificate of incorporation giving effect to such order of the High Court or Tribunal.

Explanation: For the purposes of this section,

(i) the expression “aggregate turnover” shall include all supplies made by the taxable person, whether on his own account or made on behalf of all his principals;

(ii) the supply of goods, after completion of job work, by a registered job worker shall be treated as the supply of goods by the principal referred to in section 143, and the value of such goods shall not be included in the aggregate turnover of the registered job worker;

(iii) the expression “special category States” shall mean the States as specified in sub-clause (g) of clause (4) of article 279A of the Constitution except the State of Jammu and Kashmir and States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Sikkim and Uttarakhand.

Amendments History:

1. CBEC notifies 22/06/2017 as the Commencement date for Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 139, 146 and 164 of the CGST Act 2017, vide Notification 1/2017 Central Tax.

2. In Explanation Clause (ii), the text “except the State of Jammu and Kashmir” inserted after the word “Constitution” vide the CGST (Extension to Jammu and Kashmir) Act 2017 dt. 24/08/2017, w.e.f. 08/07/2017.

3. Amendments made vide Section 11 of the CGST (Amendment) Act, 2018: GOI Notification dt. 30/08/2018, followed with CBIC Notification on commencement date of 01/02/2019 vide Notification 2/2019 Central Tax dt. 29/01/2019:

a) Second Proviso inserted in Section 22(1) of the CGST Act, 2017; and 

b) in the Explanation, in clause (iii), after the words “State of Jammu and Kashmir”, the words “and States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Sikkim and Uttarakhand” inserted.

4. Third proviso and Explanation to Section 22(1) of the CGST Act, 2017 inserted, vide Section 94 of the Finance (No. 2) Act, 2019: GOI Notification dt. 01/08/2019, effective from a date to be notified later in the Official Gazette.

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Govt. has notified the CGST Act, 2017 on 12th April, 2017, which has subsequently been amended through the CGST (Extension to J&K) Act 2017, Finance Act 2018, CGST Amendment Act 2018, Finance (No. 2) Act 2019, Finance Act 2020, Taxation and Other Laws (Relaxation of Certain Provisions) Ordinance 2020. Further, CBEC/ CBIC has also issued various Notifications from time to time, relating to the commencement date of various Sections/ Provisions in the respective CGST/ Amendment Acts, wherever required.

CBIC Updates (GST)
GST Circulars, Notifications, Press Releases, Orders, etc. issued by the Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs (CBIC) in different years, along with Section-wise/ Rule-wise Text of GST Acts/ Rules:
CGST: CGST Act/ Definitions, CGST Rules
IGST: IGST Act/ Definitions, IGST Rules
UTGST: UTGST Act/ Definitions, UTGST Rules
CBIC Circulars (CGST/ IGST/ UTGST): 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Central Tax (CGST) Notifications: 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Central Tax Rate (CGST Rate) Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Integrated Tax (IGST) Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Integrated Tax Rate (IGST Rate) Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC UT Tax (UTGST) Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC UT Tax Rate (UTGST Rate) Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Compensation Cess Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Compensation Cess Rate Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Orders (CGST/ IGST/ UTGST): 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Press Releases: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
Note: For Official/ updated copy, please visit the CBIC website.

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  1. Shuhaib Hameed
  2. Sharang Keer
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