Section 2(81) to 2(90) of the CGST Act, 2017: Definitions

Definitions of various important terms under Section 2(81) to Section 2(90) of the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Act, 2017, as notified/ amended by Govt. of India/ CBIC upto 30 Aug. 2018, unless the context otherwise requires, are as under:

Definitions under Section 2(81) to 2(90) of the CGST Act, 2017
Section 2(81): “other territory” includes territories other than those comprising in a State and those referred to in sub-clauses (a) to (e) of clause (114).
Section 2(82): “output tax” in relation to a taxable person, means the tax chargeable under this Act on taxable supply of goods or services or both made by him or by his agent but excludes tax payable by him on reverse charge basis.
Section 2(83): “outward supply” in relation to a taxable person, means supply of goods or services or both, whether by sale, transfer, barter, exchange, licence, rental, lease or disposal or any other mode, made or agreed to be made by such person in the course or furtherance of business.
Section 2(84): “person” includes- (a) an individual; (b) a Hindu Undivided Family; (c) a company; (d) a firm; (e) a Limited Liability Partnership; (f) an association of persons or a body of individuals, whether incorporated or not, in India or outside India; (g) any corporation established by or under any Central Act, State Act or Provincial Act or a Government company as defined in clause (45) of section 2 of the Companies Act, 2013; (h) any body corporate incorporated by or under the laws of a country outside India; (i) a co-operative society registered under any law relating to co-operative societies; (j) a local authority; (k) Central Government or a State Government; (l) society as defined under the Societies Registration Act, 1860; (m) trust; and (n) every artificial juridical person, not falling within any of the above.
Section 2(85): “place of business” includes- (a) a place from where the business is ordinarily carried on, and includes a warehouse, a godown or any other place where a taxable person stores his goods, supplies or receives goods or services or both; or (b) a place where a taxable person maintains his books of account; or (c) a place where a taxable person is engaged in business through an agent, by whatever name called.
Section 2(86): “place of supply” means the place of supply as referred to in Chapter V of the Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act.
Section 2(87): “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act on the recommendations of the Council.
Section 2(88): “principal” means a person on whose behalf an agent carries on the business of supply or receipt of goods or services or both.
Section 2(89): “principal place of business” means the place of business specified as the principal place of business in the certificate of registration.
Section 2(90): “principal supply” means the supply of goods or services which constitutes the predominant element of a composite supply and to which any other supply forming part of that composite supply is ancillary.


Govt. has notified the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Act, 2017 on 12 April, 2017 followed with various CBIC Notifications on commencement date for various Sections/ Provisions thereof from time to time. Govt. has further notified the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) (Amendment) Act, 2018 on 30 Aug. 2018 followed with CBIC Notification on commencement date of various Sections/ Provisions thereof from 1 Feb. 2019 vide Notification No. 2/2019 Central Tax dt. 29 Jan. 2019 except for amendments where the date of commencement is different from 1 Feb. 2019 and has specifically been mentioned in the CGST Amendment Act, 2018 itself.

Section-wise/ Rule-wise Text of GST Acts/ Rules
CGST Act/ DefinitionsCGST Rules
IGST Act/ DefinitionsIGST Rules
UTGST Act/ DefinitionsUTGST Rules

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