Section 42 of CGST Act 2017: Matching, Reversal and Reclaim of Input Tax Credit (ITC)

Provisions under Section 42 of the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Act, 2017 relating to “Matching, Reversal and Reclaim of Input Tax Credit (ITC)”, are as under:

Section 42 of CGST Act 2017: Matching, Reversal and Reclaim of Input Tax Credit (CHAPTER IX – RETURNS)

(1) The details of every inward supply furnished by a registered person (hereafter in this section referred to as the “recipient”) for a tax period shall, in such manner and within such time as may be prescribed, be matched–

(a) with the corresponding details of outward supply furnished by the corresponding registered person (hereafter in this section referred to as the “supplier”) in his valid return for the same tax period or any preceding tax period;

(b) with the integrated goods and services tax paid under section 3 of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975 in respect of goods imported by him; and

(c) for duplication of claims of input tax credit.

(2) The claim of input tax credit in respect of invoices or debit notes relating to inward supply that match with the details of corresponding outward supply or with the integrated goods and services tax paid under section 3 of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975 in respect of goods imported by him shall be finally accepted and such acceptance shall be communicated, in such manner as may be prescribed, to the recipient.

(3) Where the input tax credit claimed by a recipient in respect of an inward supply is in excess of the tax declared by the supplier for the same supply or the outward supply is not declared by the supplier in his valid returns, the discrepancy shall be communicated to both such persons in such manner as may be prescribed.

(4) The duplication of claims of input tax credit shall be communicated to the recipient in such manner as may be prescribed.

(5) The amount in respect of which any discrepancy is communicated under sub-section (3) and which is not rectified by the supplier in his valid return for the month in which discrepancy is communicated shall be added to the output tax liability of the recipient, in such manner as may be prescribed, in his return for the month succeeding the month in which the discrepancy is communicated.

(6) The amount claimed as input tax credit that is found to be in excess on account of duplication of claims shall be added to the output tax liability of the recipient in his return for the month in which the duplication is communicated.

(7) The recipient shall be eligible to reduce, from his output tax liability, the amount added under sub-section (5), if the supplier declares the details of the invoice or debit note in his valid return within the time specified in sub-section (9) of section 39.

(8) A recipient in whose output tax liability any amount has been added under sub-section (5) or sub-section (6), shall be liable to pay interest at the rate specified under sub-section (1) of section 50 on the amount so added from the date of availing of credit till the corresponding additions are made under the said sub-sections.

(9) Where any reduction in output tax liability is accepted under sub-section (7), the interest paid under sub-section (8) shall be refunded to the recipient by crediting the amount in the corresponding head of his electronic cash ledger in such manner as may be prescribed:

Provided that the amount of interest to be credited in any case shall not exceed the amount of interest paid by the supplier.

(10) The amount reduced from the output tax liability in contravention of the provisions of sub-section (7) shall be added to the output tax liability of the recipient in his return for the month in which such contravention takes place and such recipient shall be liable to pay interest on the amount so added at the rate specified in sub-section (3) of section 50.

Amendments History:

1. CBEC notifies 1st July 2017 as the Commencement date for Section 42 (except the proviso to sub-section (9) of Section 42) of the CGST Act 2017, vide Notification 9/2017 Central Tax.

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Govt. has notified the CGST Act, 2017 on 12th April, 2017, which has subsequently been amended through the CGST (Extension to J&K) Act 2017, Finance Act 2018, CGST Amendment Act 2018, Finance (No. 2) Act 2019, Finance Act 2020, Taxation and Other Laws (Relaxation of Certain Provisions) Ordinance 2020. Further, CBEC/ CBIC has also issued various Notifications from time to time, relating to the commencement date of various Sections/ Provisions in the respective CGST/ Amendment Acts, wherever required.

CBIC Updates (GST)
GST Circulars, Notifications, Press Releases, Orders, etc. issued by the Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs (CBIC) in different years, along with Section-wise/ Rule-wise Text of GST Acts/ Rules:
CGST: CGST Act/ Definitions, CGST Rules
IGST: IGST Act/ Definitions, IGST Rules
UTGST: UTGST Act/ Definitions, UTGST Rules
CBIC Circulars (CGST/ IGST/ UTGST): 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Central Tax (CGST) Notifications: 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Central Tax Rate (CGST Rate) Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Integrated Tax (IGST) Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Integrated Tax Rate (IGST Rate) Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC UT Tax (UTGST) Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC UT Tax Rate (UTGST Rate) Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Compensation Cess Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Compensation Cess Rate Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Orders (CGST/ IGST/ UTGST): 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Press Releases: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
Note: For Official/ updated copy, please visit the CBIC website.

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  1. Bijender singh

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